- During the 2 years preceding the start of your maternity leave, you were insured as an employee or paid the insurance contributions yourself as a self-employed person for at least 270 calendar days.
- At the start of your maternity leave, you are paying the sickness insurance contributions, i.e. either they are paid by your employer or by yourself, or you are not employed anymore but are in the protection period of 180 days (you will learn more about the protection period below).
If you have not been paying sickness insurance contributions, you are not entitled to maternity benefit. However, you can directly start receiving the parental benefit, provided that you fulfil certain conditions (see below). How to proceed?
Just like with the maternity leave application, i.e. go and see your gynaecologist, who will determine the starting date of your maternity leave. Submit the form filled in by the doctor to your employer. If you are self-employed and are entitled to maternity leave, take the form filled in by the doctor directly to the Social Security Administration (Správa sociálního zabezpečení). Protection Period
If your employment has ended during your pregnancy, the so-called protection period might apply to you. This means that if you lose your job while pregnant, you are still entitled to maternity benefit, on the condition that you start your maternity leave within 180 days since the termination of your employment.